Education systems around the world are now witness to a variety of educational changes and improvements, numerous social and economic disruptions, and the onset of rapid technological advances that were unimaginable in the past. Within this tsunami of change, innovative teaching and learning practices that employ emerging technologies are sweeping into schools and classrooms with the broader goal of transforming student learning. While technologies present education systems with both significant opportunities and challenges, some of the most profound developments are related to standardisation, personalisation, privatisation and the data cation of learning. To this end, Education International (EI), the Alberta Teachers’ Association (ATA) and the Canadian Teachers’ Federation (CTF) identified a need to explore the interdisciplinary research underpinning technology-driven datafication and its effects on teaching and learning around the world. This literature review attempts to provide a balanced view of the interdisciplinary concepts under investigation in order to inform an analysis of the converging fields of educational technology and datafication. It is part of a larger project entitled “We the Educators”.